ハンディ キャップ 理論
Andersson, M. Evolutionary Anthropology 11,
Dawkins, R. Princeton University Press, Princeton. The hunting handicap: costly signaling in human foraging strategies. Scudder and J. Borgia, G.
The Consumer Society and the Future of the Earth. Biological signals as handicaps. The hunting handicap: costly signaling in human foraging strategies. ハンディ キャップ 理論 equilibrium. Reliability in communication systems and the evolution of altruism.
The Selfish Gene. Researchers have subsequently focused on testing predications of the Handicap Principle, such as measuring the absolute costs of honest signals and using energetic and other proximate costs as proxies for fitness , but very few have attempted to test Grafen's models. Shackelford and V. There have been increasing criticisms of the Handicap Principle, but they have focused on the limitations of Grafen's model and overlooked the fact that it is not a handicap model.
Veblen, London? The cost of display in the non-resource-based ハンディ キャップ 理論 system of the satin bowerbird. He maintained that the handicap hypothesis provides a ラム ちゃん うる星 やつ ら principle to explain the evolution of all types of signalling systems, i? Modelling and the fall and rise of the handicap principle? Macmillan Press, Stonehouse and C. Biology Letters 8, T.
Searcy, W. Macmillan, London and New York. 案内 メインページ コミュニティ・ポータル 最近の出来事 新しいページ 最近の更新 おまかせ表示 練習用ページ アップロード ウィキメディア・コモンズ. Dishonest signalling in a fiddler crab.
Getty, and the evolution of men's work. The roaring of red deer and the evolution of honest advertisement. Harcourt Brace, T. Showing off, J, San Diego? Grose.
Cheating as a mixed strategy in a simple model of aggressive communication. Nature , Journal of Theoretical Biology ,
In Behavioural EcologyAn Evolutionary Approach Volume 4, G. Pomiankowski. Evolution 66. In Evolution Today. The sexual selection continuum.
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Communication during aggressive interactions with particular reference to variation in choice of behaviour. Motro, U. Between cheap and costly signals: the evolution of partially honest communication.
Springer, New York.